Cultivars/Varieties 'Alfredo' - This is a new variation on the 'Compactum' theme said to grow more densely to form a 6' tall and wide shrub. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) The Canadian French name for the berries is pembina. americanum 'Bailey Compact'): Compact, dwarf rounded form; 5 to 6 feet high and wide; deep red fall color. of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. Viburnum trilobum; Description. Oddly enough, according to Gary Ladman of Classic Viburnums, the original plant is long gone, and since the 1920’s all American Cranberry bushes are in fact cultivars produced for superior fruiting and flowering. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum_trilobum&oldid=947888403, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 March 2020, at 01:34. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Such misunderstanding occurs because the common name "highbush cranberry" actually refers to three different species of highbush cranberries: Viburnum opulus, V. trilobum and V. edule. Viburnum nudum ‘Pink Beauty’—prodigious fruit production, compact habit. Viburnum crown borer and viburnum leaf beetle. Often upright, multi-stemmed, rounding with age. Our future. Some recommended cultivars include: V. trilobum 'Phillips',V. Viburnum trilobum 'Redwing™' This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson's Nursery, Wisconsin, was introduced in 1983. Quick Links: FAQs || Plant Description || Insect PestsSome Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, whitten tree, ople tree, snowball tree, crampbark American Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) Yellow-red fruits become a brilliant scarlet-red and are not only very attractive, but good for making preserves. Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade.Adaptable to soil pH.Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering.Moderate tolerance of aerial salt spray. The cultivar “Mohican” is slightly smaller, 8.5 feet by 8.5 feet, than the mature size of 13 feet by 13 feet for the species. The two varieties can easily be confused. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Our communities. Some Viburnum species are used as a nerve sedative and anti-spasmatic for asthma, cramps, palpita-tion, heart disease and rheumatism. Viburnum nudum ‘Pink Beauty’—prodigious fruit production, compact habit. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Adaptable to soil pH. Cultivars and their differences Ironclad ™ Siebold viburnum ( Viburnum sieboldii 'KLMfour'): 15 feet high and 12 feet wide; a heavy flowering form with reliable burgundy fall color. Use enter to activate. Viburnum is the name given to a very diverse and populous group of plants native to North America and Asia. Look for the dwarf viburnum varieties, like ‘Papoose,’ only 4 feet (1 m.) tall and wide. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Mayflower viburnum (V. carlesii), an old garden favorite, is popular for good reason. Each leaf has irregular teeth on margins; dark green changing to reddish-purple fall color. Opening from pink flower buds, white flowers tinged pink, arranged in snowball clusters gradually fade to white as they mature. Especially good are the cultivars `Philips,' with higher-quality fruit, and `Wentworth,' which is hardy to Zone 2. Opposite, maple-like, 3-lobed leaves up to 5 inches long. Building the urban forest for 2050. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The flowers (including large sterile ones in a few species), colorful autumn foliage, and red or purple-black fruit make several species, American as well as Asian, well known in cultivation. Youngnon … This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Highly popular due to its petite size, Viburnum carlesii 'Compactum' (Koreanspice Viburnum) is a compact, rounded, deciduous shrub with a profusion of large flower clusters that perfume the garden with their cinnamon fragrance in spring. Viburnum trilobum Marshall: Classification. Urban/Recreational Specimen plant. The bark is gray and rough and has a scaly texture. At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. Red, berry-like fruits (drupes) resembling cranberries; edible. There is also something troubling about the cultivar name ‘Roseum,’ since it suggests the plant has red flowers, which is not true. Growth habit varies among species: V. carlesii (Korean Spice Viburnum) and V. opulus (European Cranberry Bush) varieties are round-topped and fairly dense; V. dentatum (Arrowwood Viburnum) is large with spreading branches, V. plicatum tomentosum (Doublefile Viburnum) has tiers of horizontal branches, and V. trilobum (American Cranberry Bush) varieties are more upright. Wentworth near Lancaster, New Hampshire where the original plant was found. Its botanical name has been revised from Viburnum trilobum, which is how I memorized it as a student, to Viburnum opulus variety americanum. Stop by, email, or call. Bark splits into irregular cracks with age. When mature, it … Viburnum trilobum. The plant is deciduous, and the dark green foliage turns bright red in autumn. My favorite cultivars are ‘Cayuga’, a compact grower with pink buds, and ‘Compactum’, which grows to only 3 feet tall and wide in 10 years. This American species (Viburnum opulus var. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. In the case of the cultivar ‘Roseum’ for V. opulus, the majority of flowers are sterile, so the overall effect is a “snowball.” Be careful using the name “snowball viburnum”—it is also used for other viburnums, such as V. plicatum or V. macrocephalum (Chinese snowball viburnum). americanum 'Hahs'):  Selected for better, larger fruit production;  grows 6 to 8 feet high and wide; dark green foliage turns red in fall. Viburnum opulus var. americanum; syn. Bloom times span early spring through June and are followed by attractive fruit and outstanding fall foliage. Because of the incredible demand for this shrub, there are now more cultivars available, one of them being Viburnum carlesi 'Compactum'. “This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Also see: ‘Diana’, ‘Aurora’ and ‘Spice Baby’. There are over 150 species of viburnum, as well as countless cultivars. As with most shrubs in the southeast, fall planting of viburnums is ideal. Named after the farm of O.E. Viburnum trilobum. The name pembina was then applied to three rivers, one in Manitoba and North Dakota, one in Ontario, and one in Alberta. Select Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. American cranberry-bush, American cranberry-bush viburnum, American cranberrybush viburnum. It blooms heavily with good set of deep blue fruit. Viburnum The fruit of most species is popular with wildlife. American Cranberry Viburnum; American Viburnum; Cranberry Viburnum; Highbush Carnberry Commonly found in wet or swampy sites but will tolerate drier sites once established. Other Names: American Cranberrybush Description: A stunning native shrub; exquisite clusters of pure white pinwheel flowers in spring, abundant brilliant red fruit and good fall color, golden stems; hardy and adaptable, grows quite large, an excellent specimen, selected for superior fruiting habits Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. With varieties suitable for USDA hardiness zones 2 to 9, you can find a variety to suit any garden need: wet or dry, sun or shade, natural or formal, shrub or tree, native or exotic. Dwarf American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. Certain varieties of burkwood viburnum display pinkish-white flowers in April and maroon foliage in autumn. It features large clusters of pink, fragrant flowers. Viburnums are well-behaved me… Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. It … It is a deciduous shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall. The following menu has 3 levels. Cultivars and their differences Ironclad ™ Siebold viburnum ( Viburnum sieboldii 'KLMfour'): 15 feet high and 12 feet wide; a heavy flowering form with reliable burgundy fall color. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! The fruit is an oblong red drupe 15 mm (0.59 in) long and 12 mm (0.47 in) broad, containing a single flat, white seed. [1][2] It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. Such misunderstanding occurs because the common name "highbush cranberry" actually refers to three different species of highbush cranberries: Viburnum opulus, V. trilobum and V. edule. Plants should be spaced at least 4 to 10 feet apart, depending on the mature size of the cultivar. Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade. Smooth, gray-brown with large lenticels. Syn. Petioles are 1 inch long and have flat-topped glands at base of leaf blade (good ID indicator). It … The bud scales are valvate. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. A Chicagoland Grows™ introduction. Viburnum trilobum typically grow 8 feet tall by 8 feet … Go to list of cultivars. Although often called "highbush cranberry", it is not a cranberry. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The stems arch and are very dense, and the twigs are a reddish-brown color. Incorporate organic soil conditioner at planting, so that the future root area of the planting bed contains 10 to 20 percent organic matter. This is a commonly used berry in western Canadian cultures. Black-haw viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium): This species grows in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 9. Plants begin to produce fruit at approximately five years of age; when animals, including birds, eat the fruits, they deposit the seeds in another location in their droppings. 8 to 12 feet high and wide. Wentworth near Lancaster, New Hampshire where the original plant was found. However, plants are often most readily … Fruits are slightly earlier ripening than other trilobums. Its most notable feature is the glossy dark green foliage and its performance in warmer zones from 6 south. This native viburnum offers ornamental interest throughout the seasons; flowers in spring, red fruit in late summer and red fall color. The bark of trunks and branches is gray,while twigs are brown and glabrous with white lenticels. ‘Brandywine’ is a worthy selection as is ‘Winterthur’. 'Andrews' - This is the least common of the standard cultivars selected for production of superior fruit. Flowers appear in June after the leaves emerge. Viburnum trilobum) is a better choice than the similar European cranberry-bush which has become an invasive plant in some areas. ‘Brandywine’ is a worthy selection as is ‘Winterthur’. Selected in the early 1900's by Frank Andrews (see V. trilobum 'Andrews') for its heavy fruit set. Here are a few differences. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. The Missouri Botanical Garden displays over 50 different species and cultivars in the Viburnum genus. Viburnum dilatatum—Cardinal Candy™, red-fruited, listed as hardy to -30°F; yellow types; ‘Michael Dodge’, ‘Vernon Morris’ with beautiful bright yellow fruit. A cultivar label might read Viburnum lantana “Mohican,” for zones 4 through 8, which indicates it is an offspring of the wild type with a trait different from the parent. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. ... Viburnum trilobum has beautiful fall foliage. It is not native to NC and will not like hot humid summers though it may grow in the cooler mountain areas. Fruits are slightly earlier ripening than other trilobums. Viburnum is an excellent plant, and it will assure you a beautiful landscape. Good flower and fruit production. Most viburnums grow well when planted in moist, rich and slightly acidic soil (pH 5.5 to 6.5). Select'):  Newly emerging leaves has a hint of red; white flowers appear mid-to-late spring; persistent bright red fruit, and consistently red fall color. Our trees. Effective in small masses and borders. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.". Viburnum dilatatum—Cardinal Candy™, red-fruited, listed as hardy to -30°F; yellow types; ‘Michael Dodge’, ‘Vernon Morris’ with beautiful bright yellow fruit. Peoples of various origins both Native and European have used the berries for many years. Viburnum trilobum: Cranberrybush American Cranberrybush is a horticultural “sleeper.” The plant is fairly obscure and nobody is going crazy writing about its virtues, yet it is a stellar native shrub that will add a firecracker of color in the fall and winter to any garden, and attract birds throughout the winter besides! Viburnum trilobum 'Wentworth'. Viburnums have long been one of our most popular flowering landscape shrubs, with more than 150 species available. The name comes from the red fruits which look superficially like cranberries, and have a similar flavor and ripen at the same time of year. Also known as Korean spice viburnum, it has very fragrant pink buds that open to showy white snowball flowers. Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering. [3], The larvae and adults of the Viburnum leaf beetle feed on the leaves and may completely defoliate the plant, and repeated damage can kill it.[3]. Viburnum trilobum blooms in May – June. The fruit are abundant and colored purple-black, while the fall foliage is yellow-bronze. Koreanspice Viburnum (Viburnum carlesii) This is one of the smaller varieties reaching a height of only 3-6 feet (90- 180 cm). Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae) Description:This is a shrub with multiple narrow trunks and ascending toslightly spreading branches. Redwing® J.N. Hahs American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. The red fall color is also reportedly very good. This outstanding shrub is available in smaller sizes, and a good choice for a limited space would be the Blue Muffin Viburnum. Named after the farm of O.E. Native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. C-Value: 10Commonly found in wet or swampy sites but will tolerate drier sites once established. The Missouri Botanical Garden displays over 50 different species and cultivars in the Viburnum genus. Viburnum opulus var. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The flowers are white, produced in corymbs up to 13 cm (5 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 2–2.5 cm (3⁄4–1 in) diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm, 0.20 in), fertile flowers; the flowers are pollinated by insects. americanum 'J.N. The leaf buds are green. Have tree and plant questions? Selected for its showy red new growing tips for an extended period in the spring which will eventually turn dark green while newly emerging leaves continue to unfurl red against a backdrop of older dark green foliage. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long and 5–10 cm (2–4 in) broad, with a rounded base and serrated margins; they are superficially similar to many maple leaves, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. Here are some noteworthy examples: As a 2010 addition to the Plants of Merit program, Viburnum dentatum 'Christom' BLUE MUFFIN is a sure winner. americanum L. Ait (formerly known as Viburnum trilobum) Some Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, … Viburnum trilobum Marshall: Classification. Selected in the early 1900's by Frank Andrews (see V. trilobum 'Andrews') for its heavy fruit set. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. trilobum 'Redwing', and V. trilobum 'Compactum Alfredo', which makes a nice low hedge. Like all of the carlesi types, its growth rate is slow to moderate and it is 4 feet tall by 4 feet wide. The fruits, sour and rich in vitamin C, can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game. Here are some noteworthy examples: As a 2010 addition to the Plants of Merit program, Viburnum dentatum 'Christom' BLUE MUFFIN is a sure winner. It may be the best selection of this adaptable native for smaller gardens. Viburnums range from deciduous to evergreen, and from 2 foot shrubs to 30 foot trees (0.5-10 m.). americanum. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Bailey Compact American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. Mulch the plants or bed with 4 to 6 inches of pine straw or 2 to 3 inches of bark. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. americanum  'Compactum'):  Compact cultivar growing 5 to 6 feet high and wide; white lacecap flowers and red fruit;  fall color is yellow. 'Emerald Lustre' - This plant is a selection of Viburnum bracteatum, which is closely allied or identical to V. dentatum. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. The fruit of Vibrunum trilobum persists into winter and will eventually be eaten, if not by winter birds, then by early spring migrants. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Viburnum trilobum 'Wentworth'. American Viburnum is a shrub found in wet woods, along streams, and on moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada. Yellow-red fruits become a brilliant scarlet-red and are not only very attractive, but good for making preserves. Cultivars/Varieties 'Christom' (Blue Muffin™) - A new selection that may hold great promise, this is a true dwarf that grows densely to 4' tall and wider. 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